Monkeypox Virus Outbreak: Monkey pox is a rare disease caused by the monkey pox virus. The monkeypox virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae. Wednesday the World Health Organization (WHO) warned that the risk of monkeypox becoming established in non-endemic countries is “real” and informed that the number of cases has crossed 1,000.
The chief of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the UN health agency was not recommending mass vaccinations against the virus. According to a report, no deaths had been reported so far from the outbreaks. Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of pox-like disease occurred in a colony of monkeys kept for research, hence the name ‘Monkeypox’.
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What is Monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a rare viral infections similar to human smallpox. Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of pox-like disease occurred in a colony of monkeys kept for research, and the first case of Monkeypox in human body was reported in 1970. Monkeypox has been reported among people in other Central and West African countries such as Cameroon, the Cameroon, Central African Republic, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone.
Symptoms and Causes of Monkeypox?
Monkeypox usually presents itself with fever, rash, and swollen lymph nodes and can cause a variety of medical complications. The disease is usually self-limiting and the symptoms last for two to four weeks. Recently, the case fatality ratio has reportedly been around 3-6% which can go up to 10%.
The virus is less contagious than small pox. Monkeypox is transmitted to human body throigh close contact with an infected person or animal, or with material contaminated with the virus. Monkeypox disease is spread through contaminants such as lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets, and contaminated materials such as bedding.
Vaccines used during the smallpox eradication program also provide protection against monkeypox. New vaccines have been developed, one of which has been approved for immunization. An antiviral agent developed to treat smallpox has also been licensed to treat monkeypox, according to the World Health Organization.