What is Insulin For: Everything You Need to Know About Insulin

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What is Insulin For: Insulin, a peptide hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, a gland located behind your stomach. Insulin allows your body to use glucose for energy. Glucose is a type of sugar found in many carbohydrates. When you have diabetes, your body can’t produce insulin or your insulin function stop working. 

What is Insulin For?

Insulin, a peptide hormone that lowers the glucose level in the blood. It produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, a gland located behind your stomach. It allows your body to use glucose for energy.  It also helps to store glucose in your liver, fat, and muscles. In diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot respond normally to the insulin that is produced. As a result, the level of glucose in the blood increases.

What Causes Someone to Prescribe Insulin?

If your body does not produce enough insulin or does or use insulin well, so glucose stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs. If your body does not produce enough insulin then you have type 1 diabetes. And if your body does not use insulin properly, you have type 2 diabetes.

Manage Diabetes with Insulin

Above you learned what is insulin for. Now we learned how to manage diabetes with insulin. Insulin injections can help manage both types of diabetes. The injected in insulin acts as a replacement to your body’s natural insulin. People with type  diabetes can not make insulin, so they must inject insulin to control their blood glucose. People with type 2 diabetes can manage their blood glucose levels by changing their lifestyle.

 Types of Insulin

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) separates insulin by their works. Here is the chart below of the insulin and its works –

What is Insulin For
Insulin Type Onset Peak  Duration When Taken
Rapid-acting 15 min 1 hour 2 to 4 hours Taken with meals, typically right before a meal. Commonly used along with longer-acting insulin.
Regular or short-acting 30 min 2 to 3 hours 3 to 6 hours Taken with meals, typically 30 to 60 minutes before a meal.
Intermediate
acting
2 to 4 hours 4 to 12 hours 12 to 18 hours Taken once or twice a day. Covers your insulin needs for half a day or overnight. Commonly used with rapid- or short-acting insulin.
Long-acting 2 hours doesn’t peak up to 24 hours Taken once a day. Can be used with rapid- or short-acting insulin if needed.
Premixed 5 to 60 min varied peaks 10 to 16 hours Taken twice a day, commonly 10 to 30 minutes before breakfast and dinner. This type is a combination of intermediate- and short-acting insulin.
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